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We need principles and values ​​because most problems can only be solved together as a global society! were Prime Minister Abazović’s strong opening words last month at the Château d’Aïre, where the Swiss University’s Special Executive Program lecture series, designed and moderated by prof. Anise, continued. Under the label “Future Leaders”, more than 30 people from all over the world came together and had the great honor of welcoming HE Prime Minister Abazović of Montenegro as a speaker in a magnificent castle built ages ago. centuries, with Mount Everest right before their eyes. All of them came to broaden their political and international horizons with the senior executives in place.

Many important issues were discussed throughout the day, with emphasis on environmental issues and their protection and preservation, as well as positive peace and unity at the local, continental and global levels, which the Prime Minister Abazović also recently addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York. The Balkan region having witnessed violence in the form of war not so long ago, but having found peace, they have many lessons to share on how to accomplish precisely this in other parts of the world.

“You can’t change the past; we can only change the future! was the Prime Minister’s direct appeal to students: let go of the old, work on reconciliation and co-create the new. He recognizes that technology and entrepreneurship are positive drivers for the prosperity of Montenegro and its people.The Balkan region in general works continuously and tirelessly to maintain peace and seek greater unity in the region, in order to pave the way for their accession to the EU.

Besides Montenegro’s main source of income, which is tourism (beautiful, kilometer-long sandy beaches with over 200 days of sunny weather), the country takes the preservation of its natural habitat seriously. The fact that environmental protection is enshrined in the Constitution already shows that the country is forward-thinking, ready to integrate sustainability into the agenda of its State.

An overview of the Constitution of Montenegro:

Putting environmental protection at the center

In terms of energy policy, Montenegro is betting its future on renewable energies, in particular solar and wind, in order to be as independent as possible in terms of energy. It strives to make unbureaucratic ways of producing and consuming its energy, while installing the respective devices to do so. But of course, none of these environmental issues matter in the face of the outbreak of another larger war, which was mentioned in the context of Montenegro’s NATO membership.

It is indeed a scary thought: none of this matters if a country decides to start escalating “war words” to the most damaging level – for example, by deploying nuclear weapons or similar with potential for mass destruction, in their War Game; leaving others to choose to react in an equally devastating way. The more weapons of mass destruction produced, the more likely they will be deployed one day in the future. It’s not a conspiracy theory, it’s a simple calculation in the form of a probability calculation.

The key question is: who really wants the continuity of war? And why?

Instead of world peace, unfortunately, we are heading in the opposite direction. In 2021, global military spending reached $2.1 trillion, up for the seventh consecutive year.

On the contrary, according to the 2021 UN Annual Report, the Universal Organization operates with a budget of approximately $7.5 billion (per year) to maintain international peace and security (which is its primary mandate), including some $30 million for disarmament – ​​celebrating, spreading and nurturing the spirit of peace worldwide.

This imbalance in the allocation of resources for war rather than peace is very worrying.

This is perhaps the conversation that needs to be had in diplomacy and peacekeeping circles: finding a better balance between nation-state military and defense budget expenditures, as opposed to investments in peacekeeping initiatives. of peace, which the author assumes is much more desirable for humanity. to the big one.

A sad reality of war on earth

If world peace is and was the noble and original goal, the status quo is quite upsetting. Now is the time to rethink and re-debate what peace means to us locally, continentally and even, above all, globally. Looking at the number of countries where there is some kind of war, it is legitimate to ask:

Do we need a new real world peace treaty?

As Prime Minister Abazović said at the end of the day, “War is not the solution… Positive peace is!” at least the author finds that one more peace treaty wouldn’t hurt either.

Despite all the difficulties we are currently facing as a global society, the day ended on a joyous note by celebrating the academic achievements of Prime Minister Abazović; by the way, he had the chance to study in various prestigious institutions around the world and holds a Ph.D. from the University of Sarajevo for his work entitled “Global Politics – Ethical Aspects of Globalization” and a master’s degree in political philosophy from the University of Montenegro. He is also the author of two books entitled “Cosmopolitan Culture & Global Justice” and “Critique of Global Ethics”.

For his achievements and writings, particularly in advancing the rule of law and promoting peace and stability, Prime Minister Abazović received a doctor honoris causa. Under this executive program, fellows are aimed at current and former heads of state or government, Nobel laureates and key influencers from the worlds of politics, economics, security and energy.